The term Ikat derived from Malayan origin Indonesian expression Mangikat meaning to bind , knot or wind.
The patterns are formed by tyeing the yarns and then the colors penetrates into the exposed section while the tied section remain undyed. In Ikat technique this is called tie and dyed .
Various ways of weaving are single ikat fabrics and double Ikat fabric.
Single Ikat fabric : The warp or weft threads which are tied and dyed as per design are to be positioned accurately in proper sequence in weaving as required by design and color scheme.
Double Ikat fabric : Not only warp or weft thread are tied here to form certain design , but both the warp and weft threads are relatively positioned forming design.
Orissa has its own art form the Patola style . The designs are usually in floral patterns , with animal and certain traditional motif. The cotton Ikat and silk in Orissa are fabulous with firm accent on the geometrical patterns in heavy waves. One of the most popular motifs used is Gaja ( elephant ) , large and small stars , deer ,parrot ,creeper etc .